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Friday, 10 February 2012

Marijuana users twice as likely to cause car crash


LONDON, England (AP) — People who use marijuana before driving are nearly twice as likely to cause a car crash as those not under the influence of alcohol or drugs, according to a Canadian analysis of previous studies.
Experts at Dalhousie University in Canada reviewed nine studies of more than 49,000 people involved in accidents on public roads involving one or more motor vehicles, including cars, trucks, buses and motorcycles. Marijuana use was confirmed by blood tests or self-reporting.
Researchers found drivers who had used marijuana within three hours of beginning to drive had nearly double the risk of causing a collision, especially those that were fatal.
Marijuana is the most widely used illegal drug worldwide and rates of its use in drivers are increasing. A 2007 study in Scotland found 15 per cent of 537 drivers aged 17 to 39 had used marijuana within 12 hours.
Some experts said education campaigns about the dangers of doing drugs before driving wouldn't work.
People "will also need to be persuaded that they are at risk of their cannabis use being detected," wrote Wayne Hall of the University of Queensland in an accompanying editorial.
Hall said more research was needed to prove whether roadside drug testing, as introduced in parts of Australia and the US, actually prevents more drug-related car accidents.


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Saturday, 4 February 2012

WinToFlash Guide - Install Windows XP from USB Flash drive

Thank God, finally someone made a good application to make us easier install Windows from an USB Flashdrive, Pen drive, Flashdisk, etc... with WinToFlash you can install Windows XP/2003/Vista/2008/7 from USB Flashdrive easily.


WinToFlash Step by step Guide Install Windows XP from USB Flash drive:

Requirements:
-USB Flash disk/Flash drive/Pen drive/Thumb drive, etc
-Computer with CD/DVD drive to build this Windows XP setup Flashdisk (or you may use computer without CD/DVD drive, but you have to copy Windows XP setup files from another computer to your hard disk)
-Computer with or without CD/DVD drive (e.g. Aspire One)

Step 1:
Download WinToFlash here http://wintoflash.com/download/en/
from the Author: This software may contain bugs (spelling too).

so if you find any spelling error please write a comment and correct it
or report to support@novicorp.com
don't forget to write your WinToFlash version.

Step 2:
Extract the zip file, then double click on WinToFlash.exe


Step 3:
Click Accept button...

Step 4:

This program will transfer Windows setup from CD or DVD to flash driveRecommended to switch on Wizard mode for users have no experience of Windows setup fine tuning Windows setup transfer wizard Following basic instructions you will transfer Windows setup program to flash drive and install Windows on PC have no CD or DVD drive
Click the button to enter Wizard mode...


Step 5:
This program will help you to install Windows from a flash
To access other features and advanced options swicth to advanced mode (for advanced users).
for now, we will use wizard mode instead of advanced mode, so click Next...


step 6:
Specify locations of files and drive
on Windows files path click Select button


Step 7:
Select CD/DVD drive that contain Windows XP CD or folder that contain Windows XP files... then click OK


step 8:
Specify locations of files and drive
on USB drive click Select button

Step 9:
Select USB Flash drive ... then click OK

Step 10:
Specify locations of files and drive
Click Next button...


Step 11:
Select "I Accepted the terms of the license agreement" then click Continue...



Step 12:
Warning! Formatting will erase ALL DATA on target disk. To format press OK, to quit press Cancel

Click OK...
Step 13:
Please wait while WinToFlash transferring Windows setup to flash drive


Step 14:
Finished... click Next then Exit
USB Flash drive ready...




On computer without CD/DVD drive (e.g. Aspire One)
you must change the first boot order to USB Flash drive from BIOS. How to do this?

Change Boot order from BIOS:
This is just for example (Aspire 4710)
your BIOS interface may be slightly different

Step 1:
Plug a Flash drive into a USB port on your computer/laptop

Step 2:
Turn on your laptop then hit F2 rapidly (or Del for some other machine)
then go to Boot tab > change boot order > then hit F10 key to Save and Exit



Now you can boot from USB Flash drive, first select
1st, text mode setup (Boot from flash again after finished)
then... on the first restart, select
2nd, GUI mode setup, continue setup + 1st start of Windows
Install Windows XP as usual...



Good luck...
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How to install Windows XP using USB Flash Disk/ Flash Drive - Step by Step Guide

step 1:
Buy an USB Flash Drive (at least 2GB).
When you do this tutorial, please make sure your computer/laptop/PC has a CD-ROM (or DVD).
so, now you have 2 computers, with CD-ROM support and without CD-ROM support (e.g Acer Aspire One, Asus EEE-PC).


step 2:
Download this software pack (Komku-SP-usb.exe - Download) 1.47MB


your download at mediafire keeps timing out, any other hosts available?
Mirror Depositfiles
Mirror Rapidshare
Mirror Easy-Share
Mirror Megaupload




this software pack contains 3 application :

-BootSect.exe (Boot Sector Manipulation Tool)
-PeToUSB (http://GoCoding.Com)
-usb_prep8 (Prepares Windows XP Setup LocalSource for Copy to USB-Drive)

step 3:
Double click Komku-SP-usb.exe


a window will appear... and click Install



step 4:
Insert your USB Flash Drive.
When I made this tutorial, I was using 4GB Transcend USB FlashDrive...



Locate folder C:\Komku\PeToUSB\
double click PeToUSB.exe




a window will appear like this...


Destination Drive : select USB Removable
check on Enable Disk Format
check on Quick Format
check on Enable LBA (FAT 16x)
Drive Label : XP-KOMKU (or whatever you want)
then click Start

Click Yes to continue....



"You are about to repartition and format a disk. Disk: .... All existing volumes and data on that disk will be lost. Are You Sure You Want To Continue?"
click Yes


Wait a few seconds...

Click OK, and you can close PeToUSB window.


step 5:
Open Command Prompt ...
Click Start > Run > type cmd > click OK


On Command Prompt window, go to directory C:\Komku\bootsect\how to do this?
first type this cd\ and press Enter

then type cd komku\bootsect and press Enter


the result...


Don't close Command Prompt window, and go to step 6...


step 6:
on command prompt window, type bootsect /nt52 H:


H: 
is drive letter for my USB Flash Drive, it may be different with yours...
and press Enter

the result... "Successfully updated filesystem bootcode. Bootcode was succesfully updated on all targeted volumes."


don't close Command Prompt window, and go to step 7...


step 7:
now type this cd.. and press Enter

then type cd usb_prep8 and press Enter


type usb_prep8 again... and pres Enter



step 8:Your command prompt window will look like this

Press any key to continue...
usb_prep8 welcome screen will appear


Prepares Windows XP LocalSource for Copy to USB-Drive:

0) Change Type of USB-Drive, currently [USB-stick]
1) Change XP Setup Source Path, currently []
2) Change Virtual TempDrive, currently [T:]
3) Change Target USB-Drive Letter, currently []
4) Make New Tempimage with XP LocalSource and Copy to USB-Drive
5) Use Existing Tempimage with XP LocalSource and Copy to USB-Drive
F) Change Log File - Simple OR Extended, currently [Simple]
Q) Quit
Enter your choice:_

now, insert your original Windows XP CD, or Windows XP with sata ahci driver to your CD/DVD ROM
and back to Command Prompt window

type then press Enter...
"Browse For Folder" window will appear, select your CD/DVD drive and click OK



the result... "XP Setup Source Path" changed to G:\ (yours may be different)


now for point 2, if letter T is currently assigned to a drive in your computer, you must change it.... if not, leave it as it is
how to change it?
type and press Enter...

"Enter Available Virtual DriveLetter"
for example you doesn't have drive Sso you type S and press Enter

back to usb_prep8 welcome screen...
now type and press Enter...
"Please give Target USB-Drive Letter e.g type U" Enter Target USB-Drive Letter:
because my Flash drive letter is Hso, type and press Enter...

after back to usb_prep8 welcome screen...
now type and press Enter to make new temporary image with XP LocalSource and copy it to USB Flash Drive
please wait a few seconds..


"WARNING, ALL DATA ON NON-REMOVABLE DISK
 DRIVE T: WILL BE LOST! Proceed with Format (Y/N)?"
type Y and press Enter
please wait....
when format virtual disk complete, press any key to continue...


please wait... making of LocalSource folder is in progress...


when "Making of LocalSource folder $WIN_NT$.~LS Ready"
Press any key to continue...



"Copy TempDrive Files to USB-Drive in about 15 minutes = Yes OR STOP = End Program = No"
Click Yes, and wait...


"Would you like USB-stick to be preferred Boot Drive U: bla... bla..."
Click Yes



"Would you like to unmount the Virtual Drive ?"
Click Yes, wait a few seconds, and press any key....
press any key again to close usb_prep8...


Now, your USB Flash Drive is ready...


step 9:
Now, insert your USB Flash Drive/Flash Disk/Thumb Drive to your notebook (e.gAcer Aspire One)
go to BIOS and make USB HDD (or USB ZIP in some other machine) as primary boot device....

then boot form your USB Flash Drive....
and select "TXT Mode Setup Windows XP, Never unplug USB-Drive Until After Logon"

After Hard Disk detected, delete all partition, create single partition... and install Windows XP on that partition...
and wait...


once text mode setup is complete, computer will restart....
this time select "GUI Mode setup Windows XP, Continue Setup + Start XP"



Continue Windows XP setup.... and Done!
Windows XP Installed....


Remember, you can use this tutorial to install Windows XP on all other computers.. not just Aspire One and Asus EEE-PC....
good luck!
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